Knee replacement is a medical procedure to surgically resurface is diseased knee joint with artificial prosthetics that recreates the look and feel of a healthy knee joint. The most common cause of chronic knee pain and disability which calls for a knee replacement is arthritis.
The procedure of knee replacement can be performed in two different ways, that is, the traditional knee replacement and the more modern minimally invasive knee replacement surgery but the knee replacement in India cost can be different depending on the procedure.. We have compared the two on 5 basic grounds so you could have a better understanding of both the procedures.
- The Procedure
A traditional knee replacement surgery requires the surgeon to make an 8 to 12 inch incision on the knee to access the knee joint. He cuts through the quadriceps muscles, quad tendons and other soft tissues to perform the surgery and fit the prosthetics.
However, in a minimally invasive knee replacement, the surgeon needs to make a smaller incision of only 3 to 6 inches. This procedure saves a lot of tendons, muscles and ligaments by pushing them or lifting them out of the way instead of cutting through them to reach the knee joint.
A minimally invasive knee replacement is a lot more technically demanding when compared to the traditional procedure. It is because the surgeon has limited view of the knee joint through the small incision and he is required to use more advanced technology to fit the prosthetics into the joint. This often increases the risk of misalignment or poor fit of the components.
- Post Surgery Care
The minimally invasive knee replacement causes less pain post surgery and also requires a shorter stay at the hospital of about 1 to 5 days after the surgery. However, a traditional knee replacement surgery requires the patient to stay for about 3 to 7 days in the hospital after the surgery.
Both the procedures require similar after care with regular physical care therapy, a healthy diet and light exercises if recommended by the doctor. It is advised to avoid full fledged bath as the area needs to heal properly.
Since there is a lot less damage to the skin and the surrounding tissues, muscles and ligaments in a minimally invasive knee replacement than a traditional one that’s why the former procedure promises a faster recovery. There is also a lot less blood loss during a minimally invasive surgery which contributes to the fast healing process which is augmented with medicines. Although every patient takes a different time span to heal, one is expected to recover completely within 6 to 8 weeks of the surgery in case of a minimally invasive knee replacement which is almost half of what a traditional knee replacement would take.
A minimally invasive knee replacement can cost about USD 5000, whereas, a traditional knee replacement will cost about USD 3000 in India. Cost of knee surgery in India seems to be a lot more affordable than other countries without compromising on the quality of the treatment. This gets a lot of foreign tourist to our country seeking for medical help.